The first stage of education in Canada is offered to the children between the age of four and five which is called Pre-elementary (alias Kindergarten), which is started just before the Elementary School.
The pre-elementary teaching curriculum is very flexible, where the young students get a chance to learn alphabets, counting, how to read and how to play with others. The main aim of the elementary school is to prepare the students for their next stage of education/schooling which is Primary School.
They are provided by public, private or federal schools, totally your call where you wish to send your child, obviously lead to fees variation in the different institutions. Quebec is an exception which provides free kindergarten to low-income groups or disable children.
2. Elementary (alias Primary)
Primary education is mandatory for the children, starting in grade 1(age 6 or 7years), goes until the grade 6 (age 11 to 12 years).
In Canada there is a single teacher which teaches the student all the subjects in the same classroom, with the same students.
The subjects covered are reading, math, English, history, science, music, social studies, physical education and art.
Secondary education in Canada has two levels: Junior High School and High school. Junior high school is a level which covers grade 7 and 8, comes immediately after elementary school. The goal of this stage is to prepare students for the high school as the quality of study diversifies and the students have to go through long hours in their studying sessions.
High school is the last part of secondary education which starts from grade 9 and goes till grade 12.
Some provinces even offer job training at the High School Level.
4. Post- Secondary Education (College & University)
Upon graduating from High school, Canadian students have the opportunity of studying further if they feel like applying to college and universities.
College(smaller community college or specific trade school).
University in Canada is a place for Higher education where academic degrees can be obtained in a wide variety of subjects in a similar to structure to that of the United States, starting with a bachelor’s degree, then a master’s degree, and finally a PhD as the highest level of education.
Other Types of Education in Canada:
1. Vocational Schools
Vocational schools allow the Canadian students to study specifically those trade which they are interested in and gain real life experience under a professional and qualified supervisor.
2. Private Schools
Private schools are those schools which are not funded by the government, their fees are generally higher than the Public schools. It is the decision of the parents, in which school they prefer to put their child in, and is that worth the investment or not.
3. Religious School
Private institutions should be preferred over Catholic schools if you are planning to send your child to a religious school. Private institutions teach both the regular school curriculum as well as religious teachings associated with the specific religion of the school.
Talking about the language aspects in the education of Canada, English and French are the most common and widely taught languages. In the Quebec province, it is compulsory for students to attend school totally in French until they complete their high school studies.
There is a lot of equality and fairness observed in the schools of Canada, this proves that the migrant students and the native students of that province are treated equally and the chances of both the students of getting successful in their respective regions are equal. More than one third of the young adults in Canada are coming from Immigrant families.